Sustainability, eco-friendly, global warming, climate change, carbon footprint. There are so many terms commonly heard throughout the earth preservation movement. Here are some definitions of words from dictionary.com that you may discover on your journey to help out our planet.
Alternate Energy- energy derived from a nontraditional source.
Atmosphere- a gaseous enclosure surrounding the earth; air.
Biofuels- fuel created from plant materials.
Biosphere- all earth's ecosystems and organisms.
Carbon Dioxide- a naturally occuring gas; a byproduct of burning fossil fuel; primary greenhouse gas increasing earth's atmospheric temperature.
Carbon Footprint- the amount of carbon compounds emitted into the atmosphere created by a specific group or activity.
Climate- average and predictable weather effects, such as temperature.
Climate Change- long term change in the earth's climate; Earth's heating.
Eco-Friendly- not harmful to the environment.
Ecological- tending to benefit or cause minimal damage to the environment.
Energy Efficiency- utilizing less energy to perform same outcome.
Fossil Fuels- organic materials from decayed organisms that have been converted to oil, coal or gases by heat and pressure.
Global Warming- increase of the planet's temperature causing corresponding climate change.
Greenhouse Effect- harmful gases get trapped in the earth's atmosphere blocking heat from reflecting back into space, causing a heating phenomenon.
Greenhouse Gas- any gas whose absorption of solar radiation is responsible for the greenhouse effect. e.g. carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, and the fluorocarbons.
Infrared Radiation- longer wavelength radiation that is perceived as heat.
Landfill- waste disposal site.
Methane- a hydrocarbon with highest predicted global warming potential; created by burning fossil fuels and decomposition.
Mitigation- intervention to reduce the human impact on the earth.
Ozone Layer- a layer of ozone, an oxygen compound, found in the upper atmosphere; functions as an ultraviolet ray absorber, preventing dangerous amount of UV rays from reaching earth.
Radiation- electromagnetic energy transfer that releases energy when absorbed.
Renewable Energy- energy resources that are naturally replenishing. e.g. solar, wind, hydro.
Solar Radiation- ultraviolet radiation emitted by the sun; aka short-wave radiation.
Sustainable- a system which maintains itself and can continue indefinitely.